Monday, June 20, 2016

Paul Citroen

[Germany][Netherlands] (b 1896/d 1983)

"Paul Citroen was born and grew up in a middle-class family in Berlin. Both his parents were Dutch Jews. His father owned a fur shop. At an early age, Citroen began drawing, provoking strong support from his parents. He soon started to experiment with photography with Erwin Blumenfeld and studied art in Berlin. (..) In 1919 Citroen began studying at the Bauhaus, where he started taking lessons from Paul Klee , Wassily Kandinsky and Johannes Itten, who became one of his biggest influences. Around this time, he started Metropolis (1923), which became his best-known piece.
(..) He soon started up the Nieuwe Kunstschool (New Art School) with Charles Roelofsz. It ran out of money and closed down in the same year , Citroen became a Professor at the Royal Academy of Art in The Hague...(..) He designed his postage stamps in 1949 and in 1960 he stopped teaching and started painting portraits as his main focus. He painted portraits of famous Dutch people"


Netherlands 1949 "Cultural and Social Relief fund" (5,5,5) [Photo] Sc(B194,...,B198)

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