Friday, December 18, 2015

Edoardo Chiossone

[Italy] (b 1833/1898)

 " Edoardo Chiossone was the son a Printer ; In 1847 he enrolled in the Accademia Ligustica, where he specialized in copper-plate engraving, and graduated in 1855. In 1857 he entered the atelier of Raffaele Granara and made several engravings of famous art works. One of his works was selected for display at the Exposition Universelle (1867) in Paris. Later in 1867 he started working for the Italian National Bank and was sent to the Dondorf-Naumann company in Frankfurt, Germany to be trained in the making of paper money. While he was there, the company began making bank notes for the Imperial Japanese government, and in 1874 he was sent to London to learn new printing techniques. At this point he was invited to go to Japan, and accepted. (..) Chiossone arrived in Japan on January 12, 1875. The government Printing Bureau which was part of the Ministry of Finance was under the directorship of Tokuno Ryosuke, who was eager to introduce modern machinery and techniques. The practical implementation of this policy was entirely the work of Chiossone, who founded printing companies such as Toppan Insatsu, trained the Japanese in printing techniques, designed official papers, paper currencies and postage stamps, taught the art of making printing ink and printing paper (with a watermark in it), and taught how to make many copies from one plate. (..) He designed the "koban" stamp series which was issued in 1876 ; as there was a taboo against using the emperor's portrait, he had to resort to other images, such as the imperial chrysanthemum. (..) In 1888 he received his highest recognition, when he was asked to produce a portrait of the Emperor, to be used as the official state portrait , and he also received the Order of the Sacred Treasure, 3rd class when he retired in 1891... "


Japan 1876/1892 "The Koban Series" (26,5,5) [Dies engr (G. Furuya)(K. Ishii)(T. Saito)][Typo] Sc(55,...,71)(72,..,74)(75,...,84)

[ The Koban Series includes 3 different issues,known as "Old Koban","UPU Koban" and "New Koban"... the designs have a larger group of possible combinations, with different backgrounds and ornaments, but the design in the center of the oval or circular figure could be divided in 6 groups,represented above.. stamps using the center figure of each group,could still have different internal or external backgrounds and external (to the central figure) ornaments... as an example of this diversity ,below I show some more values with some of these centers but with differences between each stamp... ]

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